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Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 25 to 29.
The primary aim of ecotourism is to educate the traveller and bring him or her closer to nature. Participants are given the chance to visit parts of the world (25) _____ are untouched by human intervention and to engage in conservation work and various other kinds of environmental projects. Visitors benefit by gaining an appreciation of natural habitats and an (26) _____ into the impact of human beings on the environment. Local communities gain financially but also in (27) _____ ways, since not only monuments but other buildings as well, such as bridges or windmills, are restored in order to attract more visitors.
(28) _____, there are also disadvantages to this type of tourism. There have been cases in which tourism has been allowed to develop with no control or limits. As a result, (29) _____ cultures have been affected or even threatened by foreign lifestyles. Many people today support that our approach to the development of ecotourism has to be reconsidered. It is essential that this type of tourism be environmentally, socially, and culturally friendly.
Question 25: A. who B. that C. when D. why
Question 26: A. advent B. intent C. access D. insight
Question 27: A. other B. another C. every D. one
Question 28: A. Although B. Therefore C. However D. Moreover
Question 29: A. primary B. peculiar C. indigenous D. exotic
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 30 to 34.
Parents complain that it is difficult to live with teenagers. Then again, teenagers say exactly the same thing about their parents! According to a recent survey, the most common arguments between parents and teenagers are those regarding untidiness and household chores. On the one hand, parents go mad over untidy rooms, clothes dropped on the floor and their children's refusal to help with the housework. On the other hand, teenagers lose their patience continually when parents tell them off for dropping the towel in the bathroom, not cleaning up their room or refusing to do the shopping at the supermarket.
The survey, conducted by St George University, showed that different parents have different approaches to these problems. However, some approaches are much more successful than others. For example, those parents who yell at their teens for their untidiness, but later clear up after them, have fewer chances of changing their teens' behaviour. On the contrary, those who let teenagers experience the consequences of their actions are more successful. For instance, when teenagers who don't help their parents with the shopping don't find their favourite food in the fridge, they are forced to reconsider their actions.
Psychologists say that the most important thing in parent-teen relationships is communication. Parents should talk to their teens, but at the same time they should listen to what their children have to say. Parents should tell their teens off when they are untidy, but they should also understand that their room is their own private space. Communication is a two-way process. It is only by listening to and understanding each other that problems between parents and teens can be solved.
Question 30: Which best serves as the title for the passage?
A. Teen Issues B. Family Rules C. Parents' Advice D. Parents' Anger
Question 31: The phrase “go mad” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _______.
A. get bored B. feel sad C. remain calm D. become angry
Question 32: Which is NOT mentioned in paragraph 1 as a cause of arguments between teenagers and parents?
A. Teenagers drop their clothes on the floor. B. Teenagers go shopping a lot.
C. Teenagers refuse to do the housework. D. Teenagers do not tidy their rooms.
Question 33: According to paragraph 2, parents have a better chance of changing their children's behaviour by _______.
A. shouting at them whenever they do something wrong
B. cooking them their favourite food
C. doing the household chores for them
D. letting them experience the bad results of their actions
Question 34: The word “they” in paragraph 3 refers to _______.A. parents B. teens C. psychologists D. children
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